A phenomenological study of sports development in schools and society of Ardabil city from the perspective of teachers and professionals

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, P.O. BOX 14665-889, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor,Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, P.O. BOX 14665-889, Tehran, Iran

3 Bachelor of Elementary Education, Farhangian Allameh Tabatabai University, Ardabil, Iran

4 Master of School Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran. lecturer at Farhangian University

10.22098/rsmm.2023.14052.1294

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of current research is study the lived experiences teachers and professionals regarding obstacles governing development sports at school and community level to provide solutions in Ardabil city .

Methods: The qualitative research method is phenomenology. The interviewees of the research included all teachers and specialists of Ardabil city in academic year of 2022-2023. Data were collected using in-depth and semi-structured interviews; the research questions were answered through interviews with people.

Result: Teachers in response to question about the necessary measures to regularly do sports and pay serious attention to it by students at the school level, factors such as the professionalization of coaches and increasing their efficiency, the appropriate way of teaching and teaching sports, strengthening the efficiency of sports classes, strengthening its facilities and strategies , the way of implementing physical education in schools, the solutions of creating unity in the way of implementing sports and strengthening the curriculum content. On the other hand, experts were exposed to a question with the concept of necessary measures to enrich the student teachers of physical education in line with the development of sports in teacher training centers.

Conclusion: In the interview with the teachers, the majority of them emphasized the existence of obstacles and challenges in the category of physical education and provided solutions for it. The experts also pointed out the existence of various obstacles around the axes; Individual causes, social causes and family causes were divided and in general, social solutions, desirable executive planning and programs.

Keywords


  • Abbaszadeh, M. (2011). A reflection on validity and reliability in qualitative research. Journal of Applied Sociology, 23(1): 19-34. (Persian).
  • Andersen, M. F., Midtgaard, J., & Bjerre, E. D. (2022). Do patients with prostate cancer benefit from exercise interventions? A systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(2), 972.
  • Bliss, E. S., Biki, S. M., Wong, R. H., Howe, P. R., & Mills, D. E. (2023). The benefits of regular aerobic exercise training on cerebrovascular function and cognition in older adults. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1-20.
  • Farhangian, SH; Yektayar, M; Khodamoradpoor, M; Nazari, R. (2021). Designing a Model for developing an organizational Succession plan based on Sports organizations. The Journal of Research in Sport Management and Marketing, 2 (3): 51-73. (Persian).
  • Fischer, C., Jakob, F., Kohl, M., Kast, S., Von Stengel, S., Kerschan-Schindl, K., & Kemmler, W. (2023). Additive Effects of Exercise and Vitamin D Supplementation (with and without Calcium) on Bone Mineral Density in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Osteoporosis2023.
  • García-Chico, C., López-Ortiz, S., Peñín-Grandes, S., Pinto-Fraga, J., Valenzuela, P. L., Emanuele, E., & Santos-Lozano, A. (2023). Physical exercise and the hallmarks of breast cancer: A narrative review. Cancers15(1), 324.
  • Jesús, O. J., Luis, C. P., & Matilde, M. F. (2023). Effects of exercise on cancer-related cognitive impairment in breast cancer survivors: a scoping review. Breast Cancer, 1-25.
  • Khaledian, M; Mozatfaei, F; Samadi, M; Kia, F. (2012). The role of mass media in the development of sports. Communication Management in Media, 1(2): 45-52.
  • Lavín-Pérez, A. M., Collado-Mateo, D., Abbasi, S., Ferreira-Júnior, J. B., & Hekmatikar, A. H. A. (2023). Effects of exercise on immune cells with tumor-specific activity in breast cancer patients and survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Supportive Care in Cancer31(9), 1-18.
  • Ludyga, S., Held, S., Rappelt, L., Donath, L., & Klatt, S. (2023). A network meta-analysis comparing the effects of exercise and cognitive training on executive function in young and middle-aged adults. European Journal of Sport Science23(7), 1415-1425.
  • Mahmoudi, A. Pirjamadi, S. Kotharipour, M. (2021). Investigating the impact of physical factors on the development of student sports with the mediating role of human capital. Research in educational systems, 15(54): 91-102. (Persian).
  • Mazloumi Mahmoudabad, S. Rehavari Azabadi, R. Baghiyani Moghadam, M. Niknejad, N.
  • Qadri, J; Ghafouri, F; Henry, H. Mohammadi Moghadam, Y. (2019). The strategic model of sports development in the police force. Police Management Research Quarterly, 15(1): 53-74. (Persian).
  • Phillips, E., Davids K., Renshaw, LPortus, M. (2013). Acquisition of expertise in cricket fast bowling: Perceptions of expertplayers and coaches. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect.
  • Ramazaninejad, R; Rahmati, M; Miryousefi, J and Sajjadi, A. (2015). Identifying effective factors and criteria in cultural development in championship sports. Sports Management Studies, (4): 61-78. (Persian).
  • Ren, F. F., Alderman, B. L., Wang, W. G., Chen, F. T., Zhou, W. S., Zong, W. J., ... & Chang, Y. K. (2023). Effects of Exercise Training on Executive Functioning in Adults with Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Sports Medicine, 1-24.
  • Salehi-Imran. E.Abedeini, B. (2012). Investigating the amount of exercise components and its role on health in elementary school textbooks. Curriculum Research, 3(2): 95-117. (Persian).
  • Strauss, A. L. & Corbin, J. (2008). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for developing Grounded Theory (3rd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Seif, A. (2021). Modern breeding psychology. Tehran: Duran.
  • Sohrabi, Z; Hasanzadeh, N; Rahimi, A. (2021).Sport’s Function Analysis in Iran’s Development. The Journal of Research in Sport Management and Marketing, 2(3):1-11. (Persian).
  • Talebpour, M; Keshtidar; Golgoli, M. (2023). Providing a Model for the Development of strategic Entrepreneurship in sports organizations. The Journal of Research in Sport Management and Marketing, 4 (2): 29-43. (Persian).
  • Vaez Mousavi, K; Mousavi, A.(2013). Effective factors in sports success based on related theories and models. Journal of Psychological Studies, (10): 25-50.
  • (2009). Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributed to selected major risks. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44203/9789241563871_eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  • World Health Statistics 2014: a wealth of information on global public health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2014.
  • Nobakht sareban, F., & Ashrafi, N. (2019). Analyzing of the Content of Published Articles on the field of Sports Technology and anticipating the future direction of the Journal of Advanced Sport Technology (JAST). Journal of Advanced Sport Technology3(1), 37-48.
  • Naghizadeh-Baghi, A., Aghaei, R., Nobakht, F., Jamiodulo, M., & Sorati, N. (2021). Investigation of Sports Spaces with Passive Defense Approach in Ardabil City. Journal of Advanced Sport Technology5(1), 47-61. doi: 10.22098/jast.2021.1166
  •