Compilation of the Physical Education Performance Management Model of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Ground Force Based on the Organizational Excellence Model

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student in Sport Management, Department of Sport Management, Jahrom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Jahrom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Sport Management of Payam Noor University

4 Assistant Professor of Sports Management, Sports Sciences Research Institute (SSRI), Tehran, Iran




Currently, sport is one of the significant principles of improving the physical and mental fitness so the aim is to develop a performance management model for the physical education of IRGC based on the organizational excellence model. This study is practical in terms of purpose and the data was collected in the field in a qualitative manner based on purposeful sampling by conducting 18 in-depth interviews with expert participants in PE. After each interview, the codes were extracted. Data analysis and identification of the components and indicators of PE performance management of IRGC were carried out with the Delphi method and the research model was designed based on the principles of organizational excellence. The findings showed that 35 indicators in the form of guidance and leadership components, goals and strategy, capabilities and potentials, human resources, environmental and financial factors, motivational measures, communication, executive measures and supervision and monitoring as enablers on the management of PE performance of the ground force of IRGC will be effective and achieved 21 results in the form of productivity development components, system maturity, development of championship sports and improvement of the quality of work life. It can be concluded that the education and empowerment of sports staff, the development of talent management in sports fields approved for military forces, the quantitative and qualitative development of coaches and sports referees, incentive mechanisms and the increase and standardization of sports venues can be the path to the development and improvement of PE performance of IRGC.


  • Alanazi, M. (2021). Towards a further step in understanding business excellence models: a comparative approach. Benchmarking: An International Journal, ahead-of-print. doi:10.1108/BIJ-08-2020-0407
  • Alizadeh, Z., Hosseini, S. E. A., & Hamidi, M. (2021). Designing a Performance Management Model in the Ski Federation of the Islamic Republic of Iran. (Doctoral Dissertation), Islamic Azad University, Yasouj Branch.
  • Andersen, S. C., & Moynihan, D. P. (2016). Bureaucratic investments in expertise: Evidence from a randomized controlled field trial. The Journal of Politics, 78(4), 1032-1044.
  • Arriola, K. R. J., Hermstad, A., Flemming, S. S. C., Honeycutt, S., Carvalho, M. L., Cherry, S. T., . . . Kegler, M. C. (2017). Promoting policy and environmental change in faith-based organizations: description and findings from a mini-grants program. American Journal of Health Promotion, 31(3), 192-199.
  • Baledi, R., AkbariYazdi, H., & Azadfada, S. (2020). Development of sports development guides Abadan Oil Refining Company. Public Policy In Administration, 10(4), 81-95.
  • Bani Tamim, H., Shetab Boshehri, N., Mehdipour, A., & Khatibi, A. (2019). Designing a Comprehensive System Model to Evaluate the Performance of Iran Wrestling Board. New Trends in Sport Management, 7(24), 9-23.
  • Barth, M., Emrich, E., & Daumann, F. (2018). Approaches and methods used for measuring organizational performance in national sport governing bodies from 1986 to 2014. A systematized review. Current Issues in Sport Science (CISS).
  • Brouns, J., Nassiopoulos, A., Bourquin, F., & Limam, K. (2016). Dynamic building performance assessment using calibrated simulation. Energy and Buildings, 122, 160-174.
  • Byars, L. L., & Rue, L. W. (2018). Human resource management (9th ed ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill/Irwin Boston.
  • Derakhshan, M., Barancheshmeh, M., Ashtiani, M., & Akbari, H. (2013). Formulation of macro goals, policies and strategies for the development of physical education in IR IRAN’S Armed Forces.
  • Eyoun, K., Chen, H., Ayoun, B., & Khliefat, A. (2020). The relationship between purpose of performance appraisal and psychological contract: Generational differences as a moderator. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 86, 102449.
  • Gabriela-Livia, C. (2021). EFQM Excellence Model–European Foundation for Quality Management. Paper presented at the 6th International Conference on Education Reform and Modern Management (ERMM 2021).
  • Gomes, C. F. (2020). –ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT: TRENDS, CHALLENGES. Emerging Topics in Management Studies, 167.
  • Jakobsen, M. L., Baekgaard, M., Moynihan, D. P., & van Loon, N. (2018). Making sense of performance regimes: Rebalancing external accountability and internal learning. Perspectives on Public Management and Governance, 1(2), 127-141.
  • Khoshdel, I., Khodayari, A., Kohandel, M., & Ghorbani, M. H. (2020). Formulating the Components Model of Human Resources Management Function in Sport and Youth Ministration: Content Analysis Approach. Sport Management Studies, 12(62), 17-38. doi:10.22089/smrj.2019.7184.2513
  • Korkmaz, M., Ozdemir, M. A., Kavali, E., & Cakir, F. (2018). Performance-based assessment of multi-story unreinforced masonry buildings: The case of historical Khatib School in Erzurum, Turkey. Engineering Failure Analysis, 94, 195-213.
  • Li, L., Xu, Y., Li, T., & Liu, Y. (2022). Research on performance management evaluation of public sports venues based on GFAHP. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2022.
  • Mansouri, H. (2019). Identifying Factors and Components Affecting the Performance Management System of Government Organizations. Productivity Management, 14(53), 118-197.
  • Mohamadi, k., Ahmadi, K., Fathi Ashtiani, A., Azad Fallah, P., & Ebadi, A. (2015). Determining The Mental Health Indicators in Military Personnel. teb-police, 3(4), 239-248. doi:10.30505/3.4.239
  • Mohammadpour Zarandi, H., & Ghaderi, J. (2014). Organizational Excellence Assessment of Tehran Municipality According to EFQM Model. iueam, 2(7), 1-13.
  • Molan, C., Arnold, R., Kelly, S., Toomey, E., & Matthews, J. (2022). An exploration of performance management processes used within Olympic sport programmes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 34(4), 713-733.
  • Mumtaz, U., Ali, Y., & Petrillo, A. (2018). A linear regression approach to evaluate the green supply chain management impact on industrial organizational performance. Science of The Total Environment, 624, 162-169. doi:
  • Rahmani, M. (2016). Presentation of Integrated Performance Management Model with BSC Balanced Scorecard and EFQM Organizational Excellence Model in University Sports. , . (Master's Thesis in Sports Management), Ferdowsi University Mashhad.
  • Rahnavard, F., Najafi Tavani, S. e., & Yazdizadeh, A. (2017). The Role of Organizational Agility and Strategic Alignment in the Relationship between IT Governance and Strategic Thinking with Organizational Performance. JMDP, 30(1), 5-28.
  • Rivera, D. E., Terradellas Piferrer, M. R., & Benito Mundet, M. H. (2021). Measuring territorial social responsibility and sustainability using the EFQM excellence model. Sustainability, 13(4), 2153.
  • Saadat talab, M.-B., Ghahreman Tabrizi, K., & Norayee, T. (2015). Sporting Requirements in Military Training Centers From Soldiers’ Point of View and the Explanation of Their Attitudes. MILITARY MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY, 15(57), 59-81.
  • Shabani, A. (2017). A study of the Environmental Analysis of the Championship and Professional Sport in the Iranian Armed Forces. MILITARY MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY, 17(66), 93-114.
  • Shirvani, H., Bahadori, M. K., Ranjbar, M., & Darvishi, A. (2022). Identification and ranking of the sport development factors in the Health Branch of Armed Forces. Journal of Military Medicine, 22(4), 39-51.
  • soheili pishkenari, s., hematinejhad, m., & Gholizade, M. H. (2021). Analysis of Factors Affecting Performance Management in Sports Organizations (Case Study: Student Sports Federation and Physical Education and Sports Activities Office). Research on Educational Sport, 9(24), 241-272. doi:10.22089/res.2020.8881.1877
  • Tabatabaei Mazdabaei, M. (2013). Survey of Organizational Excellence Models. Science Promotion Journal, 7(12), 112-197.
  • Wong, C. K., White, C., Thay, B., & Lassemillante, A.-C. M. (2020). Living a Healthy Life in Australia: Exploring Influences on Health for Refugees from Myanmar. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(1), 121.
  • Yaali, R., Teymoori, N., & Bagheri, s. (2020). The Effect of Training Method (Linear and Nonlinear) on Student Participation Motivation in Physical Education Class. Sport Psychology Studies, 8(30), 205-220. doi:10.22089/spsyj.2019.7880.1850
  • Hasanzadeh, N., Moharramzadeh, M., & Naghizadeh-Baghi, A. (2021). Needs Assessment and Reasons for Consuming Food Supplements for Body-Building and Weightlifting Athletes in Ardabil Province. Research in Sport Management and Marketing2(1), 10-23. doi: 10.22098/rsmm.2021.1255