Review and Comparison of Challenges, Conflicts, and Innovation on the Start-up Qualification of Independent Business(Case study on physical education students of Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch)

Document Type : Original Article


1 MA of Sport Management, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran


Purpose: Entrepreneurship is the driving force behind economic and social change. Entrepreneurs are the cornerstone of the economic system in the country.
Methods: This applied research employed a causal-comparative research method. The statistical population included the undergraduate, postgraduate, and Ph.D. students of Islamic Azad University, Tabriz branch, (N=517). Based on Morgan's table, 250 students were selected randomly and were given the prepared questionnaires. The Dorabji et al. (1998) Innovation Climate Questionnaire and Anderson & Dunkelberg's (1990) Independent Business Start-up Competency Questionnaire were used for data collection. Content and face validity were confirmed by six sports management experts. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was calculated to be (α=0.84) for the Innovation Climate Questionnaire and (α=0.87) for Independent Business Start-up Qualification. In this study, both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis and hypothesis testing. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to check the normality of the data.
Results: The results of the study showed the impact of the challenge on the qualification of start-up independent business. In addition, the factors of innovation and conflict in the classrooms were found to have a positive effect on the qualification of independent business start-ups.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, it is suggested that professors encourage students to take up a healthy, team-based challenge and improve the quality of their work by creating an energetic and non-compulsory atmosphere in the field.


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