Identifying and Prioritizing Opportunities and Challenges of Sports Activities During Covid-19 Disease and Providing Solutions (A Case study of Sistan and Baluchestan Province)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student of Sport Management, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Medical Sciences University of Zahedan, Zahedan, Iran

3 MA of Sports Management, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Mashhad, Iran


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify and prioritize the opportunities and challenges of sports activities during Covid-19 disease and to provide solutions in Sistan and Baluchestan province.
Methods: The method of the present research is based on the purpose of applied research; In terms of nature, exploratory research; In terms of data collection, it is descriptive-survey research and due to the application of Q methodology and grand theory (Glaser), it is mixed research. The statistical population of this study was all sports elites (professors, managers, etc.), people involved in sports decision-making and policy-making in Sistan and Baluchestan province. From the statistical population, 28 people were selected as a sample by the purposeful method. Descriptive statistics were used to classify raw scores, design tables, frequency distribution, and calculate dispersion indices such as mean and standard deviation and standard deviation and variance and analyze demographic characteristics as well as the mean of responses. To open the consensus of experts, open, axial, and theoretical coding method, Glaser approach was used.
Results: Using factor analysis (Q method), 67 challenges of sports activities during Covid-19 disease were identified. Challenges in 7 distinct mental patterns, respectively: Economists mental pattern, Infrastructures mental pattern, Organizational mental pattern, Culturalist mental pattern,  Events mental pattern, Athletes mental pattern, and Medias mental pattern, were categorized and prioritized.
Conclusion: By exploring the data of interviews with experts through the Glaser approach, 7 concepts were introduced as opportunities for sports activities in Sistan and Baluchestan province during the Corona period and were presented as a qualitative model. Finally, based on the opinions of provincial experts, solutions were provided for each challenge of sports activities.